### Graph Data Structure

Welcome to this in-depth guide on the concept of graphs in computer science. Whether you're a complete novice or an advanced learner looking to refine your understanding, this tutorial will guide you through the core concepts, representations, and practical applications of graphs, ensuring a robust understanding of this fundamental concept. Contents [ hide ] Introduction to Graphs A graph is a data structure that consists of a set of nodes (also called vertices) and a set of edges that connect these nodes. Graphs are used to represent pairwise relationships between objects. In a graph, nodes can represent any type of entities such as people, cities, web pages, or even abstract concepts, while edges represent the relationships or connections between these entities. Graphs are used to model a wide variety of real-world situations, from social networks (like Facebook, LinkedIn) to computer networks (like the internet), from biological systems (like protein-protein i